Why this project?
The python script supervisord is a powerful tool used by a lot of guys to manage the processes. I like supervisord too.
But this tool requires that the big python environment be installed in target system. In some situation, for example in the docker environment, the python is too big for us.
This project re-implements supervisord in go-lang. Compiled supervisord is very suitable for environments where python is not installed.
Building the supervisord
Before compiling the supervisord, make sure the go-lang 1.11+ is installed in your environment.
To compile supervisord for linux, run following commands:
- go generate
- GOOS=linux go build -tags release -a -ldflags "-linkmode external -extldflags -static" -o supervisord
Run the supervisord
After a supervisord binary has been generated, create a supervisord configuration file and start the supervisord like this:
command = /your/program args
supervisord -c supervisor.conf
Please note that config-file location autodetected in this order:
- /etc/supervisor/supervisord.conf (since Supervisor 3.3.0)
- ../etc/supervisord.conf (Relative to the executable)
- ../supervisord.conf (Relative to the executable)
Run as daemon with web-ui
Add the inet interface in your configuration:
supervisord -c supervisor.conf -d
In order to manage the daemon, you can use
supervisord ctl subcommand, available subcommands are:
supervisord ctl status
supervisord ctl status program-1 program-2...
supervisord ctl status group:*
supervisord ctl stop program-1 program-2...
supervisord ctl stop group:*
supervisord ctl stop all
supervisord ctl start program-1 program-2...
supervisord ctl start group:*
supervisord ctl start all
supervisord ctl shutdown
supervisord ctl reload
supervisord ctl signal <signal_name> <process_name> <process_name> ...
supervisord ctl signal all
supervisord ctl pid <process_name>
supervisord ctl fg <process_name>
Please note that
supervisor ctl subcommand works correctly only if http server is enabled in [inet_http_server], and serverurl correctly set. Unix domain socket is not currently supported for this pupose.
Serverurl parameter detected in the following order:
- check if option -s or --serverurl is present, use this url
- check if -c option is present, and the "serverurl" in "supervisorctl" section is present, use "serverurl" in section "supervisorctl"
- check if "serverurl" in section "supervisorctl" is defined in autodetected supervisord.conf-file location and if it is - use found value
- use http://localhost:9001
Check the version
Command "version" will show the current supervisord binary version.
Http server can work via both unix domain socket and TCP. Basic auth is optional and supported too.
The unix domain socket setting is in the "unix_http_server" section.
The TCP http server setting is in "inet_http_server" section.
If both "inet_http_server" and "unix_http_server" are not set up in the configuration file, no http server will be started.
Supervisord daemon settings
Following parameters configured in "supervisord" section:
- logfile. Where to put log of supervisord itself.
- logfile_maxbytes. Rotate log-file after it exceeds this length.
- logfile_backups. Number of rotated log-files to preserve.
- loglevel. Logging verbosity, can be trace, debug, info, warning, error, fatal and panic (according to documentation of module used for this feature). Defaults to info.
- pidfile. Full path to file containing process id of current supervisord instance.
- minfds. Reserve al least this amount of file descriptors on supervisord startup. (Rlimit nofiles).
- minprocs. Reserve at least this amount of processes resource on supervisord startup. (Rlimit noproc).
- identifier. Identifier of this supervisord instance. Required if there is more than one supervisord run on one machine in same namespace.
Supervised program settings
Supervised program settings configured in [program:programName] section and include these options:
- command. Command to supervise. It can be given as full path to executable or can be calculated via PATH variable. Command line parameters also should be supplied in this string.
- process_name. the process name
- numprocs. number of process
- numprocs_start. ??
- autostart. Should be supervised command run on supervisord start? Defaults to true.
- startsecs. The total number of seconds which the program needs to stay running after a startup to consider the start successful (moving the process from the STARTING state to the RUNNING state). Set to 0 to indicate that the program needn’t stay running for any particular amount of time.
- startretries. The number of serial failure attempts that supervisord will allow when attempting to start the program before giving up and putting the process into an FATAL state. See Process States for explanation of the FATAL state.
- autorestart. Automatically re-run supervised command if it dies.
- exitcodes. The list of “expected” exit codes for this program used with autorestart. If the autorestart parameter is set to unexpected, and the process exits in any other way than as a result of a supervisor stop request, supervisord will restart the process if it exits with an exit code that is not defined in this list.
- stopsignal. Signal to send to command to gracefully stop it. If more than one stopsignal is configured, when stoping the program, the supervisor will send the signals to the program one by one with interval "stopwaitsecs". If the program does not exit after all the signals sent to the program, supervisord will kill the program.
- stopwaitsecs. Amount of time to wait before sending SIGKILL to supervised command to make it stop ungracefully.
- stdout_logfile. Where STDOUT of supervised command should be redirected. (Particular values described lower in this file).
- stdout_logfile_maxbytes. Log size after exceed which log will be rotated.
- stdout_logfile_backups. Number of rotated log-files to preserve.
- redirect_stderr. Should STDERR be redirected to STDOUT.
- stderr_logfile. Where STDERR of supervised command should be redirected. (Particular values described lower in this file).
- stderr_logfile_maxbytes. Log size after exceed which log will be rotated.
- stderr_logfile_backups. Number of rotated log-files to preserve.
- environment. List of VARIABLE=value to be passed to supervised program.
- priority. The relative priority of the program in the start and shutdown ordering
- user. Sudo to this USER or USER:GROUP right before exec supervised command.
- directory. Jump to this path and exec supervised command there.
- stopasgroup. Also stop this program when stopping group of programs where this program is listed.
- killasgroup. Also kill this program when stopping group of programs where this program is listed.
- restartpause. Wait (at least) this amount of seconds after stpping suprevised program before strt it again.
- restart_when_binary_changed. Boolean value (false or true) to control if the supervised command should be restarted when its executable binary changes. Defaults to false.
- restart_cmd_when_binary_changed. The command to restart the program if the program binary itself is changed.
- restart_signal_when_binary_changed. The signal sent to the program for restarting if the program binary is changed.
- restart_directory_monitor. Path to be monitored for restarting purpose.
- restart_file_pattern. If a file changes under restart_directory_monitor and filename matches this pattern, the supervised command will be restarted.
- restart_cmd_when_file_changed. The command to restart the program if any monitored files under restart_directory_monitor with pattern restart_file_pattern are changed.
- restart_signal_when_file_changed. The signal will be sent to the proram, such as Nginx, for restarting if any monitored files under restart_directory_monitor with pattern restart_file_pattern are changed.
- depends_on. Define supervised command start dependency. If program A depends on program B, C, the program B, C will be started before program A. Example:
depends_on = B, C
Set default parameters for all supervised programs
All common parameters that are identical for all supervised programs can be defined once in "program-default" section and omited in all other program sections.
In example below the VAR1 and VAR2 environment variables apply to both test1 and test2 supervised programs:
Section "group" is supported and you can set "programs" item
Supervisord 3.x defined events are supported partially. Now it supports following events:
- all process state related events
- process communication event
- remote communication event
- tick related events
- process log related events
Supervisord can redirect stdout and stderr ( fields stdout_logfile, stderr_logfile ) of supervised programs to:
- /dev/null. Ignore the log - send it to /dev/null.
- /dev/stdout. Write log to STDOUT.
- /dev/stderr. Write log to STDERR.
- syslog. Send the log to local syslog service.
- syslog @[protocol:]host[:port]. Send log events to remote syslog server. Protocol must be "tcp" or "udp", if missing, "udp" assumed. If port is missing, for "udp" protocol, it's defaults to 514 and for "tcp" protocol, it's value is 6514.
- file name. Write log to specified file.
Multiple log files can be configured for the stdout_logfile and stderr_logfile with ',' as delimiter. For example:
stdout_logfile = test.log, /dev/stdout
if write the log to the syslog, following additional parameter can be set like:
- syslog_facility, can be one of(case insensitive): KERNEL, USER, MAIL, DAEMON, AUTH, SYSLOG, LPR, NEWS, UUCP, CRON, AUTHPRIV, FTP, LOCAL0~LOCAL7
- syslog_stdout_priority, can be one of(case insensitive): EMERG, ALERT, CRIT, ERR, WARN, NOTICE, INFO, DEBUG
- syslog_stderr_priority, can be one of(case insensitive): EMERG, ALERT, CRIT, ERR, WARN, NOTICE, INFO, DEBUG
Supervisord has builtin web GUI: you can start, stop & check the status of program from the GUI. Following picture shows the default web GUI:
Please note that in order to see|use Web GUI you should configure it in /etc/supervisord.conf both in [inet_http_server] (and|or [unix_http_server] if you prefer unix domain socket) and [supervisorctl]:
Usage from a Docker container
supervisord is compiled inside a Docker image to be used directly inside another image, from the Docker Hub version.
COPY --from=ochinchina/supervisord:latest /usr/local/bin/supervisord /usr/local/bin/supervisord
Integrate with Prometheus
The Prometheus node exporter supported supervisord metrics are now integrated into the supervisor. So there is no need to deploy an extra node_exporter to collect the supervisord metrics. To collect the metrics, the port parameter in section "inet_http_server" must be configured and the metrics server is started on the path /metrics of the supervisor http server.
For example, if the port parameter in "inet_http_server" is "127.0.0.1:9001" and then the metrics server should be accessed in url "http://127.0.0.1:9001/metrics"
Autostart supervisord after os started. Look up supported platforms at kardianos/service.
sudo supervisord service install -c full_path_to_conf_file
sudo supervisord service uninstall
supervisord service start
supervisord service stop